Friday Prayer

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ بِجَمِیعِ مَحَامِدِه کُلِّهَا عَلَی جَمِیعِ نِعَمِهِ کُلِّهَا… اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ مالِکِ الْمُلْکِ مُجْرِی الْفُلْکِ مُسَخِّرِ الرِّیاحِ فالِقِ الاْصْباحِ دَیّانِ الدّینِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمینَ اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی حِلْمِهِ بَعْدَ عِلمِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی عَفْوِهِ بَعْدَ قُدْرَتِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی طُولِ اَناتِهِ فی غَضَبِهِ وَهُوَ قادِرٌ عَلی ما یُریدُ
All praise be to Allah with full gratitude for all His bounties. … All praise be to Allah: the master of the sovereignty, Who allows arks to flow [on seas], Who controls the winds, Who causes the day to break, Who administers the authority, and Who is the Lord of the worlds. All praise be to Allah for His forbearance despite His full knowledge. All praise be to Allah for His amnesty despite His full power. All praise be to Allah for the length of His respite during His wrath, while He is able to do whatever He wills.
و نشهد أن لا اله الا الله وحده لا شریک له، و أَنَّ محمداً عبده و رسوله ارسله بالهدی و دین الحق لیظهره علی الدین کله و لو کره المشرکون
We bear witness that there is no god but Allah. He is one and has no partners. We bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger, whom He sent with guidance and the religion of truth that He may make it prevail over all religions, though the polytheists should be averse.
اوصیکم عبادالله و نفسی بتقوی الله و اتباع امره و نهیه، و اخوفکم من عقابه
I enjoin you, servants of Allah and myself, to have fear of God and comply with His commands and forbiddances, and warn you against His retribution.

Attributes of Prophet Muhammad in the Quran
9. Vast Knowledge
According to the Noble Qur’an, the Prophet is portrayed as the most knowledgeable and aware human of his time and indeed, of all times. The Qur’an describes the Prophet’s unparalleled wisdom and insight as follows:
وَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَعَلَّمَكَ مَا لَمْ تَكُنْ تَعْلَمُ وَكَانَ فَضْلُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكَ عَظِيمًا
Allah has sent down to you the Book and wisdom, and He has taught you what you did not know, and great is Allah’s grace upon you. (Nisaʾ, 113)
Examining the three sentences in this verse illuminates the profound depth and width of the Prophet’s knowledge and insight.
1. “Allah has sent down to you the Book and wisdom”
The “Book” refers to the Noble Qur’an, while “wisdom” denotes firmly established knowledge that brings happiness and felicity in every stage of life, as exemplified by the words of Luqman.
2. “and He has taught you what you did not know”
In this sentence, “knowledge” explicitly signifies something distinct from the Book and wisdom mentioned earlier. The phrase “what you did not know” suggests knowledge beyond human acquisition, establishing the Prophet’s supremacy in knowledge over ordinary humans. Consequently, it necessitates humility from all individuals towards the Prophet regarding knowledge.
As Sanaʾi, the renowned Persian poet, eloquently puts it:
O Sanaʾi, if you seek brilliance from God’s grace,
Sacrifice reason in [Muhammad] Mustafa’s court.
How dare one mention reason while Mustafa is in the world?
How dare one mention Alcor while the sun is the celestial sphere?
As long as reason holds onto ego, deem it egel, not reason.
Once ego is relinquished, then call it cure, not pain.
Seek healing from the ‘Mercy for the World’; beseech him.
Why would you seek healing from this or that sinner?”

The third sentence in the verse reveals the magnitude of the knowledge bestowed upon the Prophet by God:
3. “and great is Allah’s grace upon you”
There is no grace greater than knowledge, and describing this grace as great underscores the magnitude of the Prophet’s knowledge. When God describes certain knowledge as great, it is indeed truly profound.
Burayd b. Muʿawiya, a student of the fifth and sixth Shiite Imams, al-Baqir and al-Sadiq (peace be upon them), cites the verse “But no one knows its interpretation except Allah and those firmly grounded in knowledge” (Al ʿImran, 7) and explains:
The Apostle of God is the supreme among those firmly grounded in knowledge, as God, the esteemed and glorified, taught him all He revealed to him, including the gradual sending down and interpretation. God never sent anything to him without teaching him its interpretation. (Al-Kafi, vol. 1, p. 213).
9. Safeguarding People from Divine Punishment
One consequence of sins in society is the descent of divine punishment, as explicitly stated in the Qur’an. Verses concerning the punishment and destruction of past peoples are particularly illustrative in this regard.
However, according to a Qur’anic verse, one effect of the Prophet’s presence is that as long as he is among the people, God does not send down punishment upon them. As the messenger of mercy and security, the Prophet safeguards people and shields them from divine punishment. Regarding this characteristic of the Prophet, the Qur’an says:
وَمَاكَانَ اللَّهُ لِيُعَذِّبَهُمْ وَأَنْتَ فِيهِمْ وَمَا كَانَ اللَّهُ مُعَذِّبَهُمْ وَهُمْ يَسْتَغْفِرُونَ
But Allah will not punish them while you are in their midst, nor will Allah punish them while they plead for forgiveness. (Anfal, 33)
One notable aspect of this verse is that the Prophet safeguards all individuals, not just those who follow him. This existential blessing extends to all human beings, including his enemies. Thanks to his auspicious presence, even his adversaries were shielded from God’s punishment.
In light of this verse, the Commander of the Faithful, Imam ʿAli, offers a crucial caveat to all humanity:
There are two sources of deliverance from Allah’s punishment, one of which has been raised up, while the other is before you. You should therefore adhere to it. The source of deliverance which has been raised up is the Messenger of Allah (may He bless him and his descendants), while the source of deliverance that remains is the seeking of forgiveness. (Nahj al-Balagha, Subhi Salih, p. 483)

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