Friday Prayer

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ بِجَمِیعِ مَحَامِدِه کُلِّهَا عَلَی جَمِیعِ نِعَمِهِ کُلِّهَا… اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ مالِکِ الْمُلْکِ مُجْرِی الْفُلْکِ مُسَخِّرِ الرِّیاحِ فالِقِ الاْصْباحِ دَیّانِ الدّینِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمینَ اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی حِلْمِهِ بَعْدَ عِلمِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی عَفْوِهِ بَعْدَ قُدْرَتِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی طُولِ اَناتِهِ فی غَضَبِهِ وَهُوَ قادِرٌ عَلی ما یُریدُ
All praise be to Allah with full gratitude for all His bounties. … All praise be to Allah: the master of the sovereignty, Who allows arks to flow [on seas], Who controls the winds, Who causes the day to break, Who administers the authority, and Who is the Lord of the worlds. All praise be to Allah for His forbearance despite His full knowledge. All praise be to Allah for His amnesty despite His full power. All praise be to Allah for the length of His respite during His wrath, while He is able to do whatever He wills.
و نشهد أن لا اله الا الله وحده لا شریک له، و أَنَّ محمداً عبده و رسوله ارسله بالهدی و دین الحق لیظهره علی الدین کله و لو کره المشرکون
We bear witness that there is no god but Allah. He is one and has no partners. We bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger, whom He sent with guidance and the religion of truth that He may make it prevail over all religions, though the polytheists should be averse.
اوصیکم عبادالله و نفسی بتقوی الله و اتباع امره و نهیه، و اخوفکم من عقابه
I enjoin you, servants of Allah and myself, to have fear of God and comply with His commands and forbiddances, and warn you against His retribution.

Attributes of Prophet Muhammad in the Quran
3. All of His Words and Actions being revealed from God
One attribute of the Prophet in the Noble Quran is that everything he says is from God. The Quran explicitly states that the Prophet of Islam never speaks out of personal desires:
وَمَا يَنْطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَى؛ إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحَى
Nor does he speak out of [his own] desire: it is just a revelation that is revealed [to him]. (Najm, 3-4)
For this reason, in various parts of the Quran, God instructs the Prophet to announce to people to follow what is revealed to him and to act upon revelation:
قُلْ مَا كُنْتُ بِدْعًا مِنَ الرُّسُلِ، وَمَا أَدْرِي مَا يُفْعَلُ بِي وَلَا بِكُمْ، إِنْ أَتَّبِعُ إِلَّا مَا يُوحَى إِلَيَّ …
Say, ‘I am not a novelty among the apostles, nor do I know what will be done with me, or with you. I just follow whatever is revealed to me… (Ahqaf, 9)
وَإِذَا تُتْلَى عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُنَا بَيِّنَاتٍ قَالَ الَّذِينَ لَا يَرْجُونَ لِقَاءَنَا ائْتِ بِقُرْآنٍ غَيْرِ هَذَا أَوْ بَدِّلْهُ، قُلْ مَا يَكُونُ لِي أَنْ أُبَدِّلَهُ مِنْ تِلْقَاءِ نَفْسِي، إِنْ أَتَّبِعُ إِلَّا مَا يُوحَى إِلَيَّ …
When Our manifest signs are recited to them, those who do not expect to encounter Us say, ‘Bring a Quran other than this, or alter it.’ Say, ‘I may not alter it of my own accord. I follow only what is revealed to me. … (Yunus, 15)
ُلْ لَا أَقُولُ لَكُمْ عِنْدِي خَزَائِنُ اللَّهِ وَلَا أَعْلَمُ الْغَيْبَ وَلَا أَقُولُ لَكُمْ إِنِّي مَلَكٌ إِنْ أَتَّبِعُ إِلَّا مَا يُوحَى إِلَيَّ…
Say, ‘I do not say to you that I possess the treasuries of Allah, nor do I know the Unseen, nor do I say to you that I am an angel. I follow only what is revealed to me.’… (Anʿam, 50)
These verses demonstrate that all actions, movements, words, silences, and psychological attributes of the Apostle of God, collectively described as his tradition, are revealed from God. This is why his tradition or practice is considered authoritative within Islam.
As the Quran suggests, obedience of the Prophet’s tradition and practice is obedience of God:
مَنْ يُطِعِ الرَّسُولَ فَقَدْ أَطَاعَ اللَّهَ
Whoever obeys the Apostle certainly obeys Allah. (Nisaʾ, 80)
3. Exemplar for People
The Noble Quran introduces the Apostle of Allah as the best exemplar and role-model for those who seek God and Truth and afterlife felicity:
لَقَدْ كَانَ لَكُمْ فِي رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ لِمَنْ كَانَ يَرْجُو اللَّهَ وَالْيَوْمَ الْآخِرَ وَذَكَرَ اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا
There is certainly a good exemplar for you in the Apostle of Allah—for those who look forward to Allah and the Last Day, and remember Allah much. (Ahzab, 21)
Accordingly, the followers of the Prophet should comply with what he announced from God and avoid what he forbade:
وَمَا آتَاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَمَا نَهَاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانْتَهُوا
Take whatever the Apostle gives you, and refrain from whatever he forbids you. (Hashr, 7)
It should be noted, however, that following the example of the Prophet’s practice is not obligatory unless he has explicitly commanded it.
It is true that God encourages us to follow the Prophet’s practice, and undoubtedly, doing so can contribute to human spiritual elevation. However, unless the Prophet has explicitly commanded or prohibited something, adhering to his practice is not obligatory, nor is refusal to follow it forbidden. For example, if the Prophet had the habit of eating meals with his right hand, it does not imply that eating with the right hand is obligatory or that eating with the left hand is forbidden.
We should avoid the misunderstanding that some ignorant Muslims fall into, where they accuse others of neglecting an obligation or committing a forbidden action in their everyday behaviors without there being an explicit religious command or prohibition from the Prophet of Allah.
3. Compassion towards People
The Prophet was compassionate toward people, desiring their guidance and happiness. He spared no efforts in this endeavor, even risking his own life to lead people to the right path. The Noble Quran describes his compassion for the sake of human guidance as follows:
لَعَلَّكَ بَاخِعٌ نَفْسَكَ أَلَّا يَكُونُوا مُؤْمِنِينَ
You are liable to imperil your life [out of distress] that they will not have faith. (Shuʿraʾ, 3)
فَلَعَلَّكَ بَاخِعٌ نَفْسَكَ عَلَى آثَارِهِمْ إِنْ لَمْ يُؤْمِنُوا بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ أَسَفًا
You are liable to imperil your life out of grief for their sake, if they should not believe this discourse. (Kahf, 6)
The Prophet’s sacrifice and devoted efforts for human guidance, as well as his compassionate struggle to lead people to faith to the extent of imperiling his life, are also described in other Quranic verses in various ways:
مَا أَنْزَلْنَا عَلَيْكَ الْقُرْآنَ لِتَشْقَى
We did not send down to you the Quran that you should be miserable. (Taha, 2)
وَاصْبِرْ وَمَا صَبْرُكَ إِلَّا بِاللَّهِ وَلَا تَحْزَنْ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا تَكُ فِي ضَيْقٍ مِمَّا يَمْكُرُونَ
So be steadfast, and you cannot be steadfast except with Allah [’s help]. And do not grieve for them, nor be upset by their guile. (Nahl, 127)
فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ يُضِلُّ مَنْ يَشَاءُ وَيَهْدِي مَنْ يَشَاءُ فَلَا تَذْهَبْ نَفْسُكَ عَلَيْهِمْ حَسَرَاتٍ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ بِمَا يَصْنَعُونَ
Indeed Allah leads astray whomever He wishes, and guides whomever He wishes. So do not fret yourself to death regretting for them. Indeed Allah knows best what they do. (Fatir, 8)

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