Friday Prayer

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ بِجَمِیعِ مَحَامِدِه کُلِّهَا عَلَی جَمِیعِ نِعَمِهِ کُلِّهَا… اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ مالِکِ الْمُلْکِ مُجْرِی الْفُلْکِ مُسَخِّرِ الرِّیاحِ فالِقِ الاْصْباحِ دَیّانِ الدّینِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمینَ اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی حِلْمِهِ بَعْدَ عِلمِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی عَفْوِهِ بَعْدَ قُدْرَتِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی طُولِ اَناتِهِ فی غَضَبِهِ وَهُوَ قادِرٌ عَلی ما یُریدُ
All praise be to Allah with full gratitude for all His bounties. … All praise be to Allah: the master of the sovereignty, Who allows arks to flow [on seas], Who controls the winds, Who causes the day to break, Who administers the authority, and Who is the Lord of the worlds. All praise be to Allah for His forbearance despite His full knowledge. All praise be to Allah for His amnesty despite His full power. All praise be to Allah for the length of His respite during His wrath, while He is able to do whatever He wills.
و نشهد أن لا اله الا الله وحده لا شریک له، و أَنَّ محمداً عبده و رسوله ارسله بالهدی و دین الحق لیظهره علی الدین کله و لو کره المشرکون
We bear witness that there is no god but Allah. He is one and has no partners. We bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger, whom He sent with guidance and the religion of truth that He may make it prevail over all religions, though the polytheists should be averse.
اوصیکم عبادالله و نفسی بتقوی الله و اتباع امره و نهیه، و اخوفکم من عقابه
I enjoin you, servants of Allah and myself, to have fear of God and comply with His commands and forbiddances, and warn you against His retribution.

Jesus’s Life and Practice in Islam
Jesus, also known as ʿĪsā in Islamic tradition, peace be upon him, holds a revered position as one of the arch-prophets (ulū l-ʿazm) and is recognized as an Israelite prophet. His name is mentioned in the noble Quran twenty-five times. Originally named “Yasūʿ,” meaning savior, he is also referred to by the title “Masīḥ” (Christ) in the Quran, appearing thirteen times, which means “blessed.”
In the Quran, Jesus is recognized as one of the prophets who received divine revelation, as in the following verse:
إِنَّا أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ كَمَا أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَى نُوحٍ وَالنَّبِيِّينَ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ وَأَوْحَيْنَا إِلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ وَإِسْحَاقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ وَالْأَسْبَاطِ وَعِيسَى وَأَيُّوبَ وَيُونُسَ وَهَارُونَ وَسُلَيْمَانَ وَآتَيْنَا دَاوُودَ زَبُورًا
We have indeed revealed to you as We revealed to Noah and the prophets after him, and [as] We revealed to Abraham and Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, Jesus and Job, Jonah, Aaron, and Solomon—and We gave David the Psalms. (Al-Nisa, 163)
At times, he is mentioned among the arch-prophets (ulū l-ʿazm), those entrusted with delivering new sharia laws on behalf of God for the guidance of humanity:
شَرَعَ لَكُمْ مِنَ الدِّينِ مَا وَصَّى بِهِ نُوحًا وَالَّذِي أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ وَمَا وَصَّيْنَا بِهِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَمُوسَى وَعِيسَى أَنْ أَقِيمُوا الدِّينَ وَلَا تَتَفَرَّقُوا فِيهِ
He has prescribed for you the religion which He had enjoined upon Noah and which We have [also] revealed to you, and which We had enjoined upon Abraham, Moses and Jesus, declaring, ‘Maintain the religion, and do not be divided in it.’ (Al-Shura, 13)
The Quran asserts that God entered into a special covenant with these arch-prophets, Jesus among them:
وَإِذْ أَخَذْنَا مِنَ النَّبِيِّينَ مِيثَاقَهُمْ وَمِنْكَ وَمِنْ نُوحٍ وَإِبْرَاهِيمَ وَمُوسَى وَعِيسَى ابْنِ مَرْيَمَ وَأَخَذْنَا مِنْهُمْ مِيثَاقًا غَلِيظًا
[Recall] when We took a pledge from the prophets, and from you and from Noah and Abraham and Moses and Jesus son of Mary, and We took from them a solemn pledge. (Al-Ahzab, 7)
Character and Attributes of Prophet Jesus
The noble Quran mentions attributes for Jesus, peace be upon him, which are shared by him and many other prophets. We have discussed these attributes before, such as righteousness, surpassing all other people of their time, being chosen by God, and enjoying God’s special guidance. The noble Quran states:
وَزَكَرِيَّا وَيَحْيَى وَعِيسَى وَإِلْيَاسَ كُلٌّ مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ؛… وَكُلًّا فَضَّلْنَا عَلَى الْعَالَمِينَ؛… وَاجْتَبَيْنَاهُمْ وَهَدَيْنَاهُمْ إِلَى صِرَاطٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ
and Zechariah, John, Jesus and Ilyas—each of them among the righteous—…each We graced over all the nations—…We chose them and guided them to a straight path. (Al-Anʿam, 85-87)
Furthermore, the noble Quran delineates specific and distinctive attributes for Jesus, peace be upon him:
1. Being Close to God
As per the noble Quran, when Mary received the news of giving birth to a blessed child named Jesus, the infant is introduced as being close to God:

إِذْ قَالَتِ الْمَلَائِكَةُ يَا مَرْيَمُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُبَشِّرُكِ بِكَلِمَةٍ مِنْهُ اسْمُهُ الْمَسِيحُ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ وَجِيهًا فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ وَمِنَ الْمُقَرَّبِينَ
When the angels said, ‘O Mary, Allah gives you the good news of a Word from Him whose name is Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, distinguished in the world and the Hereafter and one of those brought near [to Allah]. (Al ʿImran, 45)
In the Quran, the term “muqarrabīn” (near or close), associated with Jesus, denotes individuals with a distinct position superior to all other humans. In matters of spiritual ranks and positions, they surpass “the pious” (abrār).
The position of “the pious” is elevated, surpassing the position of people in general. A supplication instructed by the noble Quran to believers is the companionship of “the pious” in the afterlife, sought as a reward from God:
رَبَّنَا إِنَّنَا سَمِعْنَا مُنَادِيًا يُنَادِي لِلْإِيمَانِ أَنْ آمِنُوا بِرَبِّكُمْ فَآمَنَّا، رَبَّنَا فَاغْفِرْ لَنَا ذُنُوبَنَا وَكَفِّرْ عَنَّا سَيِّئَاتِنَا وَتَوَفَّنَا مَعَ الْأَبْرَارِ
Our Lord, we have indeed heard a summoner calling to faith, declaring, ‘‘Have faith in your Lord!’’ So we believed. Our Lord, forgive us our sins and absolve us of our misdeeds, and make us die with the pious. (Al ʿImran, 193)
Considering the elevated position of “the pious” in Heaven and their experience of precious heavenly blessings, the noble Quran addresses the connection between these blessings and those close to God (muqarrabīn) in the following manner:
إِنَّ الْأَبْرَارَ لَفِي نَعِيمٍ؛ عَلَى الْأَرَائِكِ يَنْظُرُونَ؛ تَعْرِفُ فِي وُجُوهِهِمْ نَضْرَةَ النَّعِيمِ؛ يُسْقَوْنَ مِنْ رَحِيقٍ مَخْتُومٍ؛ خِتَامُهُ مِسْكٌ وَفِي ذَلِكَ فَلْيَتَنَافَسِ الْمُتَنَافِسُونَ؛ وَمِزَاجُهُ مِنْ تَسْنِيمٍ؛ عَيْنًا يَشْرَبُ بِهَا الْمُقَرَّبُونَ
The pious shall be amid bliss, observing, [as they recline] on couches. You will perceive in their faces the freshness of bliss. They will be served with a sealed pure wine, whose seal is musk—for such let the viers vie—and whose seasoning is from Tasneem, a spring where those brought near [to Allah] drink. (Al-Mutaffifin, 22-28)
Moreover, the noble Quran states that those close to God supervise and witness the acts of the pious. In this world and the Hereafter, the records of the actions of the pious are presented to those near to God:
كَلَّا إِنَّ كِتَابَ الْأَبْرَارِ لَفِي عِلِّيِّينَ؛ وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا عِلِّيُّونَ؛ كِتَابٌ مَرْقُومٌ؛ يَشْهَدُهُ الْمُقَرَّبُونَ
Indeed, the record of the pious is in Illeeyun. (18) And what will show you what is Illeeyun? (19) It is a written record, (20) witnessed by those brought near [to Allah]. (Al-Mutaffifin, 18-21)

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