اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ بِجَمِیعِ مَحَامِدِه کُلِّهَا عَلَی جَمِیعِ نِعَمِهِ کُلِّهَا… اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ مالِکِ الْمُلْکِ مُجْرِی الْفُلْکِ مُسَخِّرِ الرِّیاحِ فالِقِ الاْصْباحِ دَیّانِ الدّینِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمینَ اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی حِلْمِهِ بَعْدَ عِلمِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی عَفْوِهِ بَعْدَ قُدْرَتِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی طُولِ اَناتِهِ فی غَضَبِهِ وَهُوَ قادِرٌ عَلی ما یُریدُ
Praise is to God with all his praises, for all his blessings. . . Praise is to God, the owner of the property, the operator of the orbit, the bender of the wind, the glory of the morning, the religion of the beliefs, lord of the worlds; praise is to God for his dream after his knowledge and thank God for forgiveness after his power, and praise be to God for his long patience in his wrath and he is capable to do what he wills
و نشهد أن لا اله الا الله وحده لا شریک له، و أَنَّ محمداً عبده و رسوله ارسله بالهدی و دین الحق لیظهره علی الدین کله و لو کره المشرکون اوصیکم عبادالله و نفسی بتقوی الله و اتباع امره و نهیه، و اخوفکم من عقابه
And we bear witness that there is no god but God alone, without partner, and that Muhammad is his servant and messenger, he sent him with guidance and the religion of truth, that he might proclaim it over all religion, even if the polytheists hated it.
Common principles in the life of the prophets
Principle 6: Prophets’ chastity
Some scholars consider the chastity of the prophets only in receiving and presenting the divine message. In other words, the prophets who receive the message from God are commissioned to convey that message to their people; they are innocent of sin and error within the scope of receiving and delivering this message, but in other ordinary human deeds they are not innocent of sin and error.
In the logic of the holy Qur’an, the prophets are not only infallible and sinless in this divine mission, but they are also infallible and sinless in all matters of their lives. The holy Qur’an says:
وَمَا كَانَ لِنَبِيٍّ أَنْ يَغُلَّ؛
A prophet may not breach his trust, (Al Emran: 161)
The fact is that this verse denies any betrayal of the prophets; this means that the prophets did not committed any act in social and individual relations which is considered a betrayal of the trust and belief of the people, in addition to the denial of sin, which is a kind of betrayal of God’s trust in his choice for the mission and also in the relationship of worship with God.
Divine guarantee for the chastity of the prophets
The holy Qur’an says that the commands of the prophets must be obeyed and no one should doubt these commands:
وَمَا كَانَ لِمُؤْمِنٍ وَلَا مُؤْمِنَةٍ إِذَا قَضَى اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَمْرًا أَنْ يَكُونَ لَهُمُ الْخِيَرَةُ مِنْ أَمْرِهِمْ وَمَنْ يَعْصِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلَالًا مُبِينًا؛
A faithful man or woman may not have any option in their matter, when Allah and His Apostle have decided on a matter, and whoever disobeys Allah and His Apostle has certainly strayed into manifest error. (Ahzab: 36)
Also, many times in the holy Qur’an, he commands absolute obedience to the prophet and introduces obedience to the messenger of God along with obedience to God and says:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَلَا تُبْطِلُوا أَعْمَالَكُمْ؛
O you who have faith! Obey Allah and obey the Apostle, and do not render your works void. (Mohammad: 33)
قُلْ أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ؛
Say, ‘Obey Allah, and obey the Apostle.’ (Noor: 54)
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَأُولِي الْأَمْرِ مِنْكُمْ؛
O you who have faith! Obey Allah and obey the Apostle and those vested with authority among you. (Nesa: 59)
It can be concluded that there must be no sin or error in the actions and commands of the prophets, otherwise the command of pure obedience to God means putting people in sin, which is definitely false.
God in the holy Qur’an gives such a strong guarantee to the people that the prophet will never sin against God, and if that happens and the prophet, due to his human nature, neglects and does something contrary to God’s command, he will be severely punished and God will face him soon. As far as the holy Qur’an says about the holy prophet:
وَلَوْ تَقَوَّلَ عَلَيْنَا بَعْضَ الْأَقَاوِيلِ؛ لَأَخَذْنَا مِنْهُ بِالْيَمِينِ؛ ثُمَّ لَقَطَعْنَا مِنْهُ الْوَتِينَ؛ فَمَا مِنْكُمْ مِنْ أَحَدٍ عَنْهُ حَاجِزِينَ؛
Had he faked any sayings in Our name; We would have surely seized him by the right hand; and then cut off his aorta; and none of you could have held Us off from him. (Haghe: 44 – 47)
Denial of polytheism from the prophets
The holy Qur’an, in denying the polytheism of the divine prophets, says:
وَلَوْ أَشْرَكُوا لَحَبِطَ عَنْهُمْ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ؛ أُولَئِكَ الَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحُكْمَ وَالنُّبُوَّةَ؛
But were they to ascribe any partners [to Allah], what they used to do would not avail them. They are the ones whom We gave the Book, judgment and prophet hood. (An’am: 88 – 89)
As he also denies polytheism from the holy prophet and says:
لَئِنْ أَشْرَكْتَ لَيَحْبَطَنَّ عَمَلُكَ وَلَتَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ؛
Certainly it has been revealed to you and to those [who have been] before you: ‘If you ascribe a partner to Allah your works shall fail and you shall surely be among the losers. (Zomor: 65)
Denying polytheism not only means not believing in non-monotheism, but also committing a sin, which arises from the passion, is considered polytheistic practice. The holy Qur’an also considers following the passion as the worship of the lustful person towards the feeling of passion and says:
أَرَأَيْتَ مَنِ اتَّخَذَ إِلَهَهُ هَوَاهُ أَفَأَنْتَ تَكُونُ عَلَيْهِ وَكِيلًا؛
Have you seen him who has taken his desire to be his god? Is it your duty to watch over him? (Forqan: 43)
أَفَرَأَيْتَ مَنِ اتَّخَذَ إِلَهَهُ هَوَاهُ وَأَضَلَّهُ اللَّهُ عَلَى عِلْمٍ؛
Have you seen him who has taken his desire to be his god and whom Allah has led astray knowingly, (Jasiyeh: 23)
Committing the best departure from the prophets
Some prophets during their lives and mission, when faced with two paths, did not choose the path that was better and left the so-called priority path, which is interpreted as the “best departure”. And what is said about some of the prophets in the holy Qur’an is that the prophets chose the “best departure” and not sinned and disobeyed God’s commands. But the same verses, which are sometimes called “difficult verses”, have created the illusion of sin for the prophets for those who do not pay the necessary attention, while the verses clearly show that such an understanding of them is not correct.