بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ بِجَمِیعِ مَحَامِدِه کُلِّهَا عَلَی جَمِیعِ نِعَمِهِ کُلِّهَا… اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ مالِکِ الْمُلْکِ مُجْرِی الْفُلْکِ مُسَخِّرِ الرِّیاحِ فالِقِ الاْصْباحِ دَیّانِ الدّینِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمینَ اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی حِلْمِهِ بَعْدَ عِلمِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی عَفْوِهِ بَعْدَ
قُدْرَتِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی طُولِ اَناتِهِ فی غَضَبِهِ وَهُوَ قادِرٌ عَلی ما یُریدُ
ثم الصلاه و السلام علی محمد عبده و رسوله ارسله بالهدی و دین الحق لیظهره علی الدین کله و لو کره المشرکون
اوصیکم عبادالله و نفسی بتقوی الله و اتباع امره و نهیه، و اخوفکم من عقابه
The Thirteenth Sign of the righteous:
يَعْمَلُ الْأَعْمَالَ الصَّالِحَةَ وَهُوَ عَلَى وَجَلٍ
He does good deeds while he is afraid.
Amir al-Momen again refers to the dread of the faithful, but a little different from what he had previously stated, because he had previously spoken about the absolute “dread” of the dread, but here even fears were raised even when doing the right thing.
The stages of fear:
- Fear of committing sin while doing it: It is a value to have one who commits sin either to fear the Almighty God, this is good because it shows the existence of the spirit of faith in the human body.
- Fear while Neglecting: That a
person who does not sin but does not worship God or serve God, be feared by God for the ignorance and loss
of opportunities afforded to him.
- Fear while Worshiping: It is less likely that one fear the Almighty God when obeying God and doing righteous deeds, because for one who sees himself in the path of servitude and obedience of the Lord usually he does not only fear but he thinks that he deserves a reward by almighty God.
The pious are afraid even while performing the worship. They do right deeds, while fearing that they will fall short of God’s servitude and obedience and lose the status of being close to God.
Believers have no confidence in their actions until the day of Resurrection
, when the curtains are gone and the good and bad deeds become clear. This has made them fearful of their own shortcomings even when they worship and do righteous deeds, despite the hope of God’s mercy. This attribute prevents the pest of worship from entering into their existence.
Pests of Worship
Amir al-Mu’minin says:
لِكُلِ شَيْءٍ آفَةٌ
1-for everything there is a pest (Ayyun al-Hakam and al-Mawaziz ).
In Islamic traditions and naratives, two things are known as pests worship:
“Fatra” in the meaning of weakness. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) says:
فَةُ الْعِبَادَةِ الْفَتْرَةُ
The plague of worship is weakness (al-Muhassen, vol. 6, p. 3).
2-Hypocrisy and glamor. The Amir al-Momenin says:
آفة العبادة الرّيا
The plague of worship is hypocrisy and glamor.
The righteous people are afraid that their righteous worship and service to God will not be satisfying for God, so they do not find their action letter full of goodness and always find themselves in need of righteous action and deeds, So they do make any effort on this path and do not slacken.
In the Holy Quran, God reveals this truth and says:
وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْتُونَ مَا آتَوْا وَقُلُوبُهُمْ وَجِلَةٌ أَنَّهُمْ إِلَى رَبِّهِمْ رَاجِعُونَ؛ أُولَئِكَ يُسَارِعُونَ فِي الْخَيْرَاتِ وَهُمْ لَهَا سَابِقُونَ ﴿مؤمنون:60-۶۱﴾
And those who give what they give, while their hearts quake, knowing that to their Lord they will return. It is they who race towards goodness. It is they who will reach it first.
This is why the people of piety, because they are not sure of acceptance of their actions, so they are never pride of their righteous deeds and they don’t expose them to others. Their whole concern is that they will not commit the act of righteousness by committing sin and transgression and destroying themselves forever. And the consequence of this concern in good practice is that they are free from loose and hypotensive pests of worship. This fear is not in vain, but the Holy Quran says:
قُلْ هَلْ نُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِالْأَخْسَرِينَ أَعْمَالاً؛ الَّذِينَ ضَلَّ سَعْيُهُمْ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَهُمْ يَحْسَبُونَ أَنَّهُمْ يُحْسِنُونَ صُنْعاً ﴿کهف:۱۰۳-104﴾
Say, “Shall We inform you of the greatest losers in their works?” “Those whose efforts in this world are misguided, while they assume that they are doing well.”
This feature also makes believers safe from other ethical vices such as arrogance, pride, and humiliation. For one who considers himself to be the perfectionist which is less found in others, is gradually becoming the subject of these bad moral traits. But the people of piety because they see themselves small in the greatness of the God and are not even sure and fearful in accepting their righteous worship and deeds by God, so they have no grounds to suffer such moral evil. Amir al-Mu’minin expresses the third attributes of the believers in this way. the third attribute he mentions, the characteristic of the believers’ modesty, and the anti-attributive attitude of arrogance.
It is written about Imam Sajjad (PBUH): When performing the pilgrimage of hajj, he suddenly fell on the ground from the camel on which he was riding, and after awakening when he was asked about the cause of this cause, he said: I feared my Lord Answer me:
لبّيك و لا سعديك
Imam Hussein says to the Almighty God in the famous prayers of Arafah:
إِلَهِي مَنْ كَانَتْ مَحَاسِنُهُ مَسَاوِيَ فَكَيْفَ لَا يَكُونُ مَسَاوِيهِ مَسَاوِي