Characteristic of righteous (38)
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ بِجَمِیعِ مَحَامِدِه کُلِّهَا عَلَی جَمِیعِ نِعَمِهِ کُلِّهَا… اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ مالِکِ الْمُلْکِ مُجْرِی الْفُلْکِ مُسَخِّرِ الرِّیاحِ فالِقِ الاْصْباحِ دَیّانِ الدّینِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمینَ اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی حِلْمِهِ بَعْدَ عِلمِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی عَفْوِهِ بَعْدَ
قُدْرَتِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی طُولِ اَناتِهِ فی غَضَبِهِ وَهُوَ قادِرٌ عَلی ما یُریدُ
ثم الصلاه و السلام علی محمد عبده و رسوله ارسله بالهدی و دین الحق لیظهره علی الدین کله و لو کره المشرکون
اوصیکم عبادالله و نفسی بتقوی الله و اتباع امره و نهیه، و اخوفکم من عقابه
The tenth sign of the righteous:
وَ طَلَباً فِي حَلَالٍ
and seeking for Halal (lawful)
The phrase “and seeking for Halal (lawful)” shows that the righteous are not alienated from the activities of life, but rather they try hard to advance the Islamic society. They are always looking for a Halal (solvent) , and when they get a very profitable job that seems to be haram, they let it go. In the hadith from Prophet (peace be upon him) we can read:
اَلْعِبادَةُ سَبْعُونَ جُزْءاً أفْضَلُها طَلَبُ الْحَلالِ
There are seventy components of worship which, above all is seeking to find halal (lawful income) “(Kafi, vol. 5, p. 78 )
The holy Quran says:
يَا أَيُّهَا الرُّسُلُ کُلُوا مِنَ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَاعْمَلُوا صَالِحاً (مومنون ۵۱)
O messengers, eat of the good things, and act with integrity. I am aware of what you do.
The value of a day’s solvent
According to the teachings of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) and Imams and ahl al-beyt (peace be upon them), everyone must work hard to earn a living and avoid unemployment, laziness and haram. The Prophet (PBUH) has emphasized this issue in various words and says in different terms:
طَلَبَ الحَلالِ فَریضَةٌ عَلی کُلِّ مُسلِمٍ وَ مُسْلِمَةٍ (بهارالانوار ج ۱۰۳ و ص ۹
Looking for a day to be lawful, it is necessary for every Muslim man and woman.
اَلکادُّ لِعِیالِهِ کَالْمُجاهدِ فی سَبیلِ الله (بحارالانوار، ج103، ص12
The one who strives to manage his family life is like the one who fights for God’s cause.
( إنَّ اللهَ یُبْغِضُ الشّابَّ الفارِغ (جامع السعادات، ج1، ص152
The unemployed youth will bring gods anger.
Ibn ‘Abbas says that whenever the Prophet liked a person, he would ask about his job. If he said he didn’t have a job, prophet would say now I didn’t like him. When people asked about the reason, prophet said: If a person does not have a job, he will continue his by selling his religion.
Anas ibn Malik says: On the day that the Prophet of God returned from the war of Tabuk, Saad ibn Mu’az Ansari went to greet him and shook hands with the Prophet. Prophet said: What caused your hands to be so tight and callous? And He replied: I’m working in land with spade to get my family alimony. Prophet kissed his hand and said: This hand will never feel the fire of hell.
Therefore, although God Almighty is the provider of our share, and He divides and praises it:
إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ الرَّزَّاقُ ذُو الْقُوَّةِ الْمَتِينُ
God is the Provider, the One with Power, the Strong.
But everyone is obliged to have a halal (lawful) source of income, because God provides daily share by a reason. God’s servants must seek to find lawful and halal job of their own.
Using of haram
Islam has left man free to earn a living, but never allowed him to pursue a course that would corrupt morality and expose him to fall or cause corruption in society. Anything that causes personal gain but damages to another person or society and endangers the economic security and health of the individual or community is considered a crime and promises them several punishment in the world and painful retribution in the hereafter.
The Holy Quran says about eating haram and those who do it:
وَتَرَی کَثِیرًا مِّنْهُمْ یُسَارِعُونَ فِی الإِثْمِ وَالْعُدْوانِ وَأَکْلِهِمُ السُّحْتَ لَبِئْسَ مَا کَانُواْ یَعْمَلُونَ (مائده:62(
You see many of them competing with one another in sin and hostility, and their consuming of what is illicit. What they have been doing is truly evil.
Eating haram includes all illicit practices, whether it be eating or drinking, or a forbidden )haram) thing in the field of housing, clothing, etc., and they may not use the property and may inadvertently keep it and not return it to its owner. All of this is true of eating and using of harams.
God Almighty has ordained for all creatures a “lawful share”. Those who do not abstain from forbidden ( harams), believe that if they abandon the forbidden (haram) things there will be a shortage in their life and they will be in need. God says:
وَمَا مِن دَآبَّةٍ فِی الأَرْضِ إِلاَّ عَلَی اللّهِ رِزْقُهَا وَیَعْلَمُ مُسْتَقَرَّهَا وَمُسْتَوْدَعَهَا کُلٌّ فِی کِتَابٍ مُبِینٍ(هود:6(
There is no moving creature on earth but its sustenance depends on God. And He knows where it lives and where it rests. Everything is in a Clear Book.
The Prophet said to Muslims during his Last haj and pilgrimage to al-Haram Mosque:
O people, Know that Gabriel told me that no one will die, until he had reached his destined share. Fear God and do not be greedy for your share and do not make your late share arrival to hurry up and seek for a forbidden path. God divides the share between his creatures and does not divide the forbidden and haram’s between them . Anyone who hastens and earns it through a forbidden way, will be deprived of his lawfulness share and predestination and will be condemned for what he has earned in the resurrection;
the Holy Qur’an:
وَلاَ تَتَبَدَّلُواْ الْخَبِیثَ بِالطَّیِّب
and do not substitute the bad for the good
That means, do not hurry for the forbidden share before you reache your destined share.
Prayer of a user of haram will not be answered. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever eats haram , his prayers will not be accepted for forty days and hes requests and benedictions will not be answered for forty days too.
Imam Sadeq (peace be upon him) said:
Forbidden income has a detrimental effect on children (and makes their guidance difficult).