بسم الله
الرحمن الرحيم

لِلّهِ بِجَمِیعِ مَحَامِدِه کُلِّهَا عَلَی جَمِیعِ نِعَمِهِ کُلِّهَا اَلْحَمْدُ
لِلّهِ مالِکِ الْمُلْکِ مُجْرِی الْفُلْکِ مُسَخِّرِ الرِّیاحِ فالِقِ الاْصْباحِ
دَیّانِ الدّینِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمینَ اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی حِلْمِهِ بَعْدَ
عِلمِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی عَفْوِهِ بَعْدَ قُدْرَتِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ
عَلی طُولِ اَناتِهِ فی غَضَبِهِ وَهُوَ قادِرٌ عَلی ما یُریدُ

ثم الصلاه
و السلام علی محمد عبده و رسوله ارسله بالهدی و دین الحق لیظهره علی الدین کله و
لو کره المشرکون

عبادالله و نفسی بتقوی الله و اتباع امره و نهیه، و اخوفکم من عقابه.


We said that the most important
message of God in the Quran is “piety” and inviting to it, and all
the concepts of the Quran serve this message and to all of them want to bring man
to the peak of virtue and prosperity. Here are some other points about this
divine message:


The value of righteous human

The person who
has piety has the highest authority from God. The Holy Quran in the ranking of
the servants of God says:

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ مِنْ ذَكَرٍ وَأُنْثَى
وَجَعَلْنَاكُمْ شُعُوبًا وَقَبَائِلَ لِتَعَارَفُوا إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِنْدَ
اللَّهِ أَتْقَاكُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌ ﴿حجرات:۱۳﴾

people! We created you from a male and a female, and made you races and tribes,
that you may know one another. The best among you in the sight of God is the
most righteous. God is all-Knowing, Well-Experienced.

As we said last
week, piety has different stages, the lowest and the first stage is respecting
the divine orders is as much as possible:

اللَّهَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُمْ تغابن:16

So be
conscious of God as much as you can

And the highest
level of piety is virtue in a way that is Suitable with dignity of God:

أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ آل عمران:102

O you
who believe! Revere God with due reverence, and do not die except as Muslims.

And among the
lowest and highest stage of piety, there are many stages, and the more human
grow in virtue and piety, he will be more honorable and magnanimous by God.

The lack of difference between men and women in piety

In the logic of
the Qur an, there is no difference between men and women in achieving piety.
First of all, the audience of this verse:

إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ أَتْقَاكُمْ»

Are all human beings and it stars with  يَا
أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ that they were created from men and women.
And also the holy Quran says that :

  أَنِّي لَا أُضِيعُ
عَمَلَ عَامِلٍ مِنْكُمْ مِنْ ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنْثَى بَعْضُكُمْ مِنْ بَعْضٍ ﴿آل

I will
not waste the work of any worker among you, whether male or female.

Yes, in Islamic
law, there is a difference between men and women in terms of rights and duties,
but this difference does not mean discrimination and does not create a
difference in the valuation of human actions by God. There are Differences
between old and young; and between parents and children in terms of rights and
duties, or for example fasting is not obligatory for passengers and its
obligatory for non-pasengers. All of these examples do not discriminate against
the dignity and piety of a human being. What matters is
that everyone, as a servant of the Lord, has a strict obedience to the
obligatory and holy duties assigned to him by the Lord, with due regard to the
interests of his world and his hereafter. Given this point, the Holy Quran
chooses the pattern of Muslims from women’s and states:

وَضَرَبَ اللَّهُ مَثَلًا لِلَّذِينَ
آمَنُوا امْرَأَتَ فِرْعَوْنَ … وَمَرْيَمَ ابْنَتَ عِمْرَانَ… ﴿تحریم:11-۱۲﴾

And God illustrates an example of those who believe: the wife of
Pharaoh… And Mary, the daughter of Imran

We are In the
days of the testimony of Fatima Zahra. A woman who is the best example for
piety and  for both Muslim men and women
she is a pattern of worship and obedience to God s commands. Another example is
Zaynab Kobra, who was a great example of Chivalry.

Effects of piety

Piety gives
humans a consistent insight, courage and truthfulness. The people of righteous will
have stability and patience in the face of problems and he will face the
problems of life with dignity. On the other hand, with the correct insight, he
will resist his various doubts, and deal with them with power and intellectual
argumentation. The Holy Quran states the following effects of piety:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنْ
تَتَّقُوا اللَّهَ يَجْعَلْ لَكُمْ فُرْقَانًا وَيُكَفِّرْ عَنْكُمْ
سَيِّئَاتِكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ﴿انفال:۲۹﴾

On the
Day when God will not disappoint the Prophet and those who believed with him.
Their light streaming before them, and to their right, they will say, “Our
Lord, complete our light for us, and forgive us; you are capable of all

وَمَنْ أَعْرَضَ عَنْ ذِكْرِي فَإِنَّ
لَهُ مَعِيشَةً ضَنْكًا وَنَحْشُرُهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ أَعْمَى؛ قَالَ رَبِّ
لِمَ حَشَرْتَنِي أَعْمَى وَقَدْ كُنْتُ بَصِيرًا؛ قَالَ كَذَلِكَ أَتَتْكَ
آيَاتُنَا فَنَسِيتَهَا وَكَذَلِكَ الْيَوْمَ تُنْسَى ﴿طه:124-۱۲۶﴾

whoever turns away from My Reminder, for him is a confined life. And we will
raise him on the Day of Resurrection blind.” 
He will say, “My Lord, why did you raise me blind, though I was seeing?”
He will say, “Just as Our revelations came to you, and you forgot them, today
you will be forgotten.”


Sermon of the righteous

In order to
understand the characteristics of human beings with piety, we will discuss the
words of Amir al-Mu minin Ali as , and in the light of Qur anic verses, we
will continue the discussion. The “Sermon of the righteous” is a sermon
from Amir al-Mu minin in Nahj al-Balaghah, which refers to the charectristcs of
the righteous. This sermon is also known as the “Himam Sermon”. Hemam
ibn Abadeh or Hemam bin Sharif, was a follower of Amir al-Mu minin, which this
words are said in response to his request:

رُوِىَ اَنَّ صاحِباً لِأميرِالْمُوْمِنينَ
عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ يُقالُ لَهُ هَمّامٌ، كانَ رَجُلاً عابِداً، فَقالَ لَهُ: يا
اَميرَ الْمُوْمِنينَ صِفْ لِىَ الْمُتَّقينَ حَتّى كَاَنّى اَنْظُرُ اِلَيْهِمْ؛ فَتَثاقَلَ عَلَيْهِ
السَّلامُ عَنْ جَوابِهِ ثُمَّ قالَ: يا هَمّامُ، اِتَّقِ اللّهَ وَ اَحْسِنْ فـَ
«اِنَّ اللّهَ مَعَ الَّذينَ اتَّقَوْا وَالَّذينَ هُمْ مُحْسِنُونَ .فَلَمْ
يَقْنَعْ هَمّامٌ بِهذَا الْقَوْلِ حَتّى عَزَمَ عَلَيْهِ؛ فَحَمِدَ اللّهَ وَ اَثْنى
عَلَيْهِ وَ صَلّى عَلَى النَّبِىِّ صَلَّى اللّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ ثُمَّ

It has been
narrated that one of the followers of Amir al-Mu minin as who called himam
once asked imam Ali that : “Describe the people of Piety as I can see them;

Imam waited a bit
in his reply, then he replied: “O Himam, grant virtue and do good deeds, cause
Allah is with those who are pious and righteous.”

Himam was not satisfied
with the answer and swore to Imam;

The Prophet SAW
thanked Allah and sent a greetings to the Prophet
 peace be upon him and his
son  and then said: …



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