In the name of God the Merciful and the Compassionate

لله ربّ العالمين و الحمد لله الذی لا مُضادّ له في مُلكه و لا مُنازِعَ لَهُ في
أمره. الحمدالله الذی لا شريك لَهُ في خلقه و لا شبيه لَهُ في عَظَمَتِه جزء من
دعاء الإفتتاح وصلّی الله علی سيدّنا ونبيّنا محمّد صلّی الله عليه وعلی آله
الطاهرين واصحابه المنتجبين.             

عبادالله ! أُوصيكم و نفسي بتقوی الله و
اتّباع امره و نهیه.

Topic: relationship between religious jurisprudence rules
and moral rules

One of matters that are
emphasized in the religion of the Islam involves religious jurisprudence rules
and paying attention to the orders and the prohibitions of God because people
have to accept the rules of God in order to foster their talents and abilities
and to achieve desirable perfection.                                          

moral rules should be emphasized in the Islam because there is a close
relationship between religious jurisprudence rules and moral rules. In other
words, each rule influences the other one. For example, fasting is one of necessary
rules in the Islam and all of the Islamic schools have accepted it as a
necessary affair in the religion. As it has been said in the narration, fasting
is one of basics of the religion[1].
This rule of God has a lot of effects on the social and personal life and the

One of effects
that have been mentioned about it in Quran is belief in God;

آمَنُواكُتِب عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيامُ كَماكُتِبَ عَلَىالَّذينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ


It is confirmed
in this verse that there is a reliable relationship between fasting and belief
in God. In other words, a Muslim that fasts strengthens his or her belief in
God. This belief in God provides a ground that people can benefit from the
customs and the secrets of this rule of God. Relationship between fasting and
thanking or relationship between fasting and bliss is referred in other verses;
each one expresses this reality that there is a deep and close relationship
between them.

This reality
can be understood from relationships between religious and moral rules that
first, these two rules have mutual effect on each other and are related to each
other. Second, there are kinds of necessities and obligations in both of them.
Consequently, both of them have crucial roles in the happiness and the
perfection of people.

As a general
rule, it can be said that Quran determines religious jurisprudence rules
according to the benefits and the disadvantages of actions and their effective
results on the promotion and the growth of the personality of human and has
considered them obligatory and has considered the effects of these rules the
formation of moral affairs. Moreover, we can insist on this claim that most of
moral affairs are considered as the purposes of jurisprudence. Paying attention
to most of the verses of Quran, we can understand that Quran emphasizes on this
belief as sacred Surah of Maaede verse 2 states:


وَالْعُدْوانِ وَاتَّقُوااللَّهَ إِنَّاللَّهَ شَديدُالْعِقاب‏». 

to these verses, moral and religious jurisprudence rules are related to each
other and there is no separation between them such as the following verse: 

  «إِنَّاللَّه َيَأْمُرُبِالْعَدْل ِوَالْإِحْسان وَإيتاءِذِي الْقُرْبى‏وَيَنْهى‏عَنِ
الْفَحْشاءِوَالْمُنْكَرِوَالْبَغْيِ يَعِظُكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُون[3] 

it can be understood from this verse, fairness and benevolence have equal value
and exalted God recommends both of them to human.                             


The effect of praying on the formation of moral values:


this part, it is appropriate to refer to a deep relationship between prayer and
most of moral affairs. Praying includes rules, customs and secrets and each one
includes a lot of matters and discussions.[4]
Paying attention to the effects of praying, we can understand this important
point that praying has a crucial role on training the soul of human and helps
human to get closer to God. Moreover, it gets persons away from vices such as
vanity and jealousy, strengthens the soul of human and saves human from the
temptations of Satan. Praying also strengthens the modesty and humility of
human and promotes their religious and spiritual position. All of these effects
have been mentioned in verses and narrations. This important matter can be
understood from these effects that praying as an important obligation has an
important role in growing virtues and avoiding vices.                                                                                            


But we can claim that morals and religious values are effective in improving
culture, providing good relationships among persons in the society and
modifying their relationships as much as it provides a ground to implement
religious and legal obligations such as devotions, trades and social rules.         


In fact, the society without moral principles separates from social
and personal personality of human and can never recognize its responsibilities
properly and follows them. Hence, Quran obliges a Muslim to fulfill obligations
and considers giving them up the cause of deprivation of happiness and bliss.
Quran has such rules in relation to morals and emphasizes on moral rules such
as religious jurisprudence rules and law rules so that the society of human moves
in the path of happiness decently and achieves desirable perfection. 

Of course, if most of moral problems are not surveyed legally, its
reason is not that human does not have any responsibilities against them, but
its reason is that spiritual matters are different from the area of social and
law obligations; hence, Quran expresses that society that follows law and
jurisprudence obligations and responsibilities as well as moral ones achieves
happiness. Hence, we should deal with both of rules so that we can achieve
happiness and bliss. Therefore, it has been said in Quran                                                                                     

    «هُوَالَّذيبَعَثَفِيالْأُمِّيِّينَرَسُولاًمِنْهُمْيَتْلُواعَلَيْهِمْآياتِهِوَيُزَكِّيهِمْوَيُعَلِّمُهُمُالْكِتابَوَالْحِكْمَةَوَإِنْكانُوامِنْقَبْلُلَفي‏ضَلالٍمُبين‏»                                           [5]

fact, the mission of the prophet peace of Allah be upon him and his
descendants is the combination of these two kinds of rules as well as training
book, wisdom, refinement and purification. A person can achieve bliss and
happiness with this purification.                                          

« قَدْأَفْلَحَمَنْزَكَّاها[6]

Following law and jurisprudence rules that God and his messenger
issue leads human to happiness and bliss.                                                                   







[1]. It  Refers to
the sacred Hadith from Imam Baqer peace be upon him




Al-Kafi  v 2 p 18

[2] . Baqarah 2 / verse 183

[3] . An-Nahl 16 verse 90

[4]. Refer to the explanation of the religious matters of
the sources of authorities in relation to the rules of prayer and refer to two
valuable books of Hazrat Imam Khomeini may God s mercy be upon him the
customs of prayer and the secrets of prayer

[5] . Al-Jumu a 62 / verse 12

[6]. Ash-Shams 91 /
verse 9

[7] . Al-Ah-Zaab 33 / verse 71

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