In the name of God, the Compassionate and the Merciful الحمد
لله ربّ العالمين و الحمد لله الذی لا مُضادّ له في مُلكه و لا مُنازِعَ لَهُ في
أمره. الحمدالله الذی لا شريك لَهُ في خلقه ولا شبيه لَهُ في عَظَمَتِه جزء من
دعاء الإفتتاح وصلّی الله علی سيدّنا ونبيّنا محمّد صلّی الله عليه وعلی آله
الطاهرين واصحابه المنتجبين.
عبادالله ! أُوصيكم و نفسي بتقوی الله و
اتّباع امره و نهیه.
One of the important matters about the sharia is to what extent the
sharia, that means path and regulations, can influence the perfection and
religious promotion of a person?
There is no question that this matter depends on the meaning of the
perfection of human. If the perfection and bliss of human beings depend on
material affairs, it seems that there is no need that a person follows the sharia
and the divine rules and fulfills the obligations. It is completely clear that
there are other ways than obeying the sharia in order to achieve the positions
of the world. However, a person that wants to be like others can t easily follow
the divine rules because he or she may use instruments and means that are not
permitted in the sharia in order to promote such as becoming the boss of an
office and achieving higher position in a workplace . For example, he or she
may tell a lie, insult others or flatter in order to achieve the worldly
If a devout and religious person considers his or her position much
better than worldly affairs and his or her rank high and valuable after he or
he is guided towards the sharia, the perfection of a person is definitely
defined in approaching the attributes of God such as wisdom, science, mercy,
kindness and so forth as these meanings have been mentioned in the Quran.
Likewise, a person is able to achieve guardianship and caliphate and tries to
achieve the desired perfection gradually with values and real virtues.
Therefore, to achieve the desired perfection, the sharia as the
path and the divine rules are important matters and human beings cannot achieve
real perfection without the sharia, but they should follow the religion until their
death. Therefore, it is vital to analyze the effect of the religion on the
perfection of human beings.
It turns out from the previous matters that the sharia in the Islam
is so that each Muslim can recognize his or her duties in each stage of
personal and social life and does not go awry by recognizing the right path. In
fact, the sharia organizes the affairs of life and the doomsday and helps human
beings to achieve their ideal perfection. Hence, all Muslims, whether special
or common, need the sharia as the path of their life until the end of their
life for the happiness of the world and doomsday and they need it all over
their life. Of course, from the point view of the Islam, following the sharia is
to keep the real value of human beings. In other words, by worshiping the exalted
God, people will experience cheerfulness, freshness, comfort, relaxation and
Although a person may face difficulties in worshiping God, he or
she accepts all of them in order to achieve the desired result because they
have believed that only the exalted God as the single creator is aware of real
bliss of people and whatever God has specified as rules and path will
definitely lead human to real bliss and happiness. Human beings know that God
is rich and out of need and he does not need his creatures to worship him, but
if they worship God and follow his orders, they and the society will benefit
Little by little, by doing good deeds, they achieve spirituality
resulting from their close relationship with God and these result in the
establishment of the attributes of God in human beings. Hence, the extolled
rank, that has been expressed in this sacred verse, is gained after human
beings stay up late and worship and fulfill the good actions of the night.
وَمِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَتَهَجَّدْ
بِهِ نافِلَةً لَكَ عَسىأَنْ يَبْعَثَك َرَبُّكَ مَقاماً مَحْمُوداً
In other words, because the prophet is considered as pattern for
people all over the world, God has ordered to fulfill night prayer. Of course,
fulfilling obligations as desired actions of God makes human beings achieve high
positions and ranks. Hence, by paying attention to each rule of God, human
beings can achieve the satisfaction of God that is the purpose of the creation
of human beings.
Other advantages of obeying the divine sharia are to train material
and non-material aspects of human beings because following the sharia can lead
all the strengths of human beings to a right path and virtue. Hence, the Quran
has reminded this point that the exalted God is aware of whatever tempts human
beings and deviates them and the only way of controlling those temptations is
to take care of the divine rules.
If all divine rules are
studied and analyzed and their secrets are found out, it can be concluded that the
only way of achieving to truth, reality, honesty and a real rank is possible
through following the sharia. Of course, it is completely clear that the higher
the position of a person is, the more he or she needs the sharia and it is not
in the way that if a person achieves a religious and divine position, he or she
does not need the sharia as the more you go up steps, the more you should take
care of the rules of the sharia. Hence, scientists, jurisprudents, governors
and well-learned people need the sharia and divine rules more because their
deviation makes a lot of people go awry.
As it has been said in the narration, deviations of scientists are
like a ship that drowns and makes people sitting in it
Of course, a scientist goes awry when he does not follow the sharia
In conclusion, the sharia provides the ground of perfection for
each person in any social class and without the sharia, human beings cannot achieve
the desired perfection. The more people go up the steps of promotion, the more
they need the sharia. This matter is true about prophets and Imams as well.
Therefore, although the prophet had a high position and rank, he regularly
prayed, worshipped God and said
Surah/ verse 79
Surah/ verse 16
Bahar Al-Anvar v 2 p 58
Bahar Al-Anvar v 68 p 23