As it was said in previous matters, the sharia of the Islam is
based on benefits and disadvantages. It also deals with the duties and obligations
of human. For example, it is important to know who is responsible for
fulfilling obligations and whether obligations are personal or social.


a Personal obligations: personal obligations mean that human
beings as superior beings on the earth should be faithful to do some affairs.
In other words, they should fulfill some obligations such as praying that is
necessary for human beings under any circumstances, whether they are alone or
in the society. Moreover, they should give up doing some affairs such as drinking
wine that is haram under any circumstances for anybody and persons are not
allowed to do haram affairs with their own choice and freedom.


b Social obligations: social obligations are affairs that have
social aspects and in fact, duties and obligations are left to persons
according to their interaction within the society. For example, if a person
lives on the earth alone, he or she can continue to his or her life and there
are no limitations for him or her. However, when a person owns a place, persons
cannot enter this place without permission and it is considered as an
expropriated rule. To trade with others, the obliged should know the rules and the
obligations properly and should act their duties. The affairs that are about
the topics of social life are called the social rules. These kinds of rules are
common in the Islam in order to prevent chaos in the society. Some rules have
been enacted so that each person can achieve his or her rights.


In fact, these rules help human beings to have relationships with
themselves and the community properly and recognize the right path from the wrong
path according to religious norms. Consequently, having such a point of view
towards the religion can be understood that the Islam has enacted rules and
regulations in order to control the relationship of human beings with
themselves, others and God so that human beings do not have problem in
recognizing the right path in life and try to achieve the perfection they have
been created for by fulfilling their obligations.


By reviewing holy verses we can be understand that a person has
some obligations in each situation so that a person can act according to
religious beliefs and moral principles and they do not go awry. Of course, it
is completely clear that the rules and the regulations are not impractical and
clichéd, but if we focus on its philosophy, it turns out that they are
according to the nature of God and they are not obligatory as it has been said
in the sacred verse



لَقَدْ أَرْ‌سَلْنَا
رُ‌سُلَنَا بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ وَأَنزَلْنَا مَعَهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْمِيزَانَ
لِيَقُومَ النَّاسُ بِالْقِسْطِ


In this verse, the word Layaghum has been used, but the word
Layaghim has not been used. Their difference is that the former is not
obligatory. In other words, if someone recognizes the rule of God properly, he
or she will try to implement it and will not have to do it since it is based on
nature. In fact, it can be understood from this word that all of the divine rules
have been enacted according to common nature among human
beings by the exalted God. Hence, the exalted God has said in another verse


فاقم وجهک للدین حنیفاً


Since tendency to the right path is in your inner, focus on
the right religion .  God also states in
the rest of the verse


  فطرت الله التی فطر الناس


All of the rules are based on the creation of the nature of human;
therefore, it is clear that the nature of God is not changeable and it exists
in the inner of all human beings.


لا تبدیل لخلق الله


 Therefore, this point is necessary
in the rules of God. According to these verses, it can be proved that the
orders of God are natural and we can accept that this is a great blessing that
has been reminded several times in the sacred Surah of Al-Rahman so that we do
not forget the blessings of God. Hence, God has stated in different verses of
this Surah


فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ
رَ‌بِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ


Which blessings of God do you forget?


Repeating the verses admonishes us that we recognize the blessings
of God and thank them. It is completely clear that if we look at the rules of
God carefully, this can be understood that the rules of God that are enacted
for human beings are the best blessing   after different aspects of the nature of
human. The kindness and the blessing of God are as much as the prophet peace
of Allah be upon him and his descendants and innocent Imams peace be upon
them have been appointed and  chosen in
order to enact the rules, interpret the verses of God and show us the right
path so that we do not go awry.                         


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