Islamic Center Hamburg
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Date of publication : 7/2/2014 10:08:14 PM
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the recognition of the Islam Islamic Studies 115 - the Islam and the religion9Sharia 9

In the name of God, the Compassionate and the Merciful and the Compassionate

As it was said in previous matters, the sharia of the Islam is based on benefits and disadvantages. It also deals with the duties and obligations of human. For example, it is important to know who is responsible for fulfilling obligations and whether obligations are personal or social.

 

a) Personal obligations: personal obligations mean that human beings as superior beings on the earth should be faithful to do some affairs. In other words, they should fulfill some obligations such as praying that is necessary for human beings under any circumstances, whether they are alone or in the society. Moreover, they should give up doing some affairs such as drinking wine that is haram under any circumstances for anybody and persons are not allowed to do haram affairs with their own choice and freedom.

 

b) Social obligations: social obligations are affairs that have social aspects and in fact, duties and obligations are left to persons according to their interaction within the society. For example, if a person lives on the earth alone, he or she can continue to his or her life and there are no limitations for him or her. However, when a person owns a place, persons cannot enter this place without permission and it is considered as an expropriated rule. To trade with others, the obliged should know the rules and the obligations properly and should act their duties. The affairs that are about the topics of social life are called the social rules. These kinds of rules are common in the Islam in order to prevent chaos in the society. Some rules have been enacted so that each person can achieve his or her rights.

 

In fact, these rules help human beings to have relationships with themselves and the community properly and recognize the right path from the wrong path according to religious norms. Consequently, having such a point of view towards the religion can be understood that the Islam has enacted rules and regulations in order to control the relationship of human beings with themselves, others and God so that human beings do not have problem in recognizing the right path in life and try to achieve the perfection they have been created for by fulfilling their obligations.

 

By reviewing holy verses we can be understand that a person has some obligations in each situation so that a person can act according to religious beliefs and moral principles and they do not go awry. Of course, it is completely clear that the rules and the regulations are not impractical and clichéd, but if we focus on its philosophy, it turns out that they are according to the nature of God and they are not obligatory as it has been said in the sacred verse

 

 

لَقَدْ أَرْ سَلْنَا رُ سُلَنَا بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ وَأَنزَلْنَا مَعَهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْمِيزَانَ لِيَقُومَ النَّاسُ بِالْقِسْطِ

 

In this verse, the word '' Layaghum'' has been used, but the word '' Layaghim'' has not been used. Their difference is that the former is not obligatory. In other words, if someone recognizes the rule of God properly, he or she will try to implement it and will not have to do it since it is based on nature. In fact, it can be understood from this word that all of the divine rules have been enacted according to common nature among human beings by the exalted God. Hence, the exalted God has said in another verse

 

فاقم وجهک للدین حنیفاً

 

''Since tendency to the right path is in your inner, focus on the right religion''.  God also states in the rest of the verse

 

  فطرت الله التی فطر الناس علیها

 

All of the rules are based on the creation of the nature of human; therefore, it is clear that the nature of God is not changeable and it exists in the inner of all human beings.

 

لا تبدیل لخلق الله

 

 Therefore, this point is necessary in the rules of God. According to these verses, it can be proved that the orders of God are natural and we can accept that this is a great blessing that has been reminded several times in the sacred Surah of Al-Rahman so that we do not forget the blessings of God. Hence, God has stated in different verses of this Surah

 

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَ بِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ

 

'' Which blessings of God do you forget?''

            

Repeating the verses admonishes us that we recognize the blessings of God and thank them. It is completely clear that if we look at the rules of God carefully, this can be understood that the rules of God that are enacted for human beings are the best blessing   after different aspects of the nature of human. The kindness and the blessing of God are as much as the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) and innocent Imams (peace be upon them) have been appointed and  chosen in order to enact the rules, interpret the verses of God and show us the right path so that we do not go awry.                         

 


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